Sunnah consists of the practices of the prophet Muhammad pbuh during his life aimed at setting an example for Muslims everywhere. Sunnah is inclusive of the Prophet’s routine, practices, and habits. The word Sunnah literally translates to a pathway or flow which in religious context relates to the recommended shari’ah lifestyle.
Sunnah is also relatively synonymous with Hadith. Sunnah (the prophet’s actions) were recorded by his companions in the Hadith.
Muhammad pbuh was the prophet of god, however his job was not just to deliver the holy scripture and be a mere vessel for dissemination of knowledge. The prophet exemplified the words he preached from the Quran. He related the Quran to the people and lived as a moral example so that people better understood the Quran, also avoiding the chance of misinterpretation.
The Quran recognises that the Prophet is the best example for other believers as it commands 3:32 “Obey God and his Messenger”
However this is not to be mistaken for worshipping the Prophet, instead he is shown as the ultimate role model, which is why his way of life is Sunnah, the clear path. By adhering to the Sunnah, Muslims are following the way of life prescribed in the Quran and accordingly becoming closer to Allah and living their lives perpetually following the word of Allah.
Dua(supplication) is a fundamental aspect of Muslim prayer. People are encouraged to make Dua after each prayer, before bed, before starting something challenging, before anything really. There is no confinement or limitation on Dua.
However sometimes when people want something and make Dua for it they find themselves in facing a stale mate as there Duas are not fulfilled in a miraculous instance.
So there are 3 possibilities that can occur after one makes Dua. (For instance, you pray for a new job- an overly simplified example)
1. The Dua will be granted immediately (you get a job offer the following morning)
2. Allah will not accept your Dua in terms of giving you the job, but will lift the hardship that would have resulted from having no income because of that Dua perhaps you would not run out of food.
3. If neither of the prior two occur, then Allah saves the reward from your dua for the day of judgement, where all your unaccepted Duas from the world will be transformed into good deeds.
So making Dua only results in a win win situation and one should always make Dua and never fail to recognise how just, fair and merciful Allah is.
Allahu la ilaha illa Huwa, Al-Haiyul-Qaiyum La ta’khudhuhu sinatun wa la nawm, lahu ma fis-samawati wa ma fil-‘ard Man dhal-ladhi yashfa’u ‘indahu illa bi-idhnihi Ya’lamu ma baina aidihim wa ma khalfahum, wa la yuhituna bi shai’im-min ‘ilmihi illa bima sha’a Wasi’a kursiyuhus-samawati wal ard, wa la ya’uduhu hifdhuhuma Wa Huwal ‘Aliyul-Adheem
“Allah! There is no god but He – the Living, The Self-subsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize Him Nor Sleep. His are all things In the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede In His presence except As he permitteth? He knoweth What (appeareth to His creatures As) Before or After or Behind them. Nor shall they compass Aught of his knowledge Except as He willeth. His throne doth extend Over the heavens And on earth, and He feeleth No fatigue in guarding And preserving them, For He is the Most High. The Supreme (in glory).”
[Surah al-Baqarah 2: 255]